Nga Phuong

Gemma is a freelance writer with 15 years of experience working in the pet industry. She is particularly passionate about animal welfare and canine behavior. Highlights 15 years experience in the pet industry Ran a dog business for 10 years In the process of receiving an advanced diploma in canine behavior Experience Gemma began her professional career with pets in 2005 when she started work for the Scottish Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. She then went on to run her own dog business, Just Dogs, in Edinburgh for 10 years and enjoyed fundraising and volunteering for a number of local dog rescues. Since then, she has been traveling around Europe with her rescue dog Annie and writing for pet-related publications. Today, Gemma continues to write content on dogs, cats, and other animals for The Spruce Pets. Education Gemma received a Bachelor of Arts at Queen Margaret University in 1998 and is currently working toward an advanced diploma in canine behavior. Expertise: Dogs Education: Queen Margaret University Location: Edinburgh, United Kingdom Title: Writer About The Spruce The Spruce, a Dotdash brand, is a new kind of home website offering practical, real-life tips and inspiration to help you create your best home. The Spruce family of brands, including The Spruce, The Spruce Eats, The Spruce Pets, and The Spruce Crafts collectively reach 30 million people each month. For more than 20 years, Dotdash brands have been helping people find answers, solve problems, and get inspired. We are one of the top-20 largest content publishers on the Internet according to comScore, a leading Internet measurement company, and reach more than 30% of the U.S. population every month. Our brands collectively have won more than 20 industry awards in the last year alone and, most recently, Dotdash was named Publisher of the Year by Digiday, a leading industry publication.